Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial disease and caused by bacteria i.e. Neisseria meningitides also termed as meningococcus
Sudden onset of fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck and pinpoint rashes occur.
Method of spread
It is spread by direct contact with nose and throat secretions.
(the period between the initial infection and the appearance of symptoms.)
Usually it takes 2-10 days from exposure to onset of fever, 14 days until rashes appear.
(the time during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly)
Until 24 hours after starts of appropriate antibiotic therapy.
Contact to physician immediately.
Antibiotics are provided to those which are at increased risk.
Special attention should be taken to young children in daycares and homes.
Needs proper hospitalization.
Give appropriate antibiotic therapy
It is confirmed with test of blood and cerebral spiral fluid (C.S.F.)
Immunization during outbreaks.