Mumps is a viral disease and being caused by R.N.A. virus.
The most common symptom is swelling of one or both of the salivary glands on the sides of the face.
Pain in joints
Dryness in mouth
Method of spread
It spreads by respiratory secretions (e.g. saliva) from an infected person.
It spreads by sneezing and coughing.
Also spread by direct contact with nose and throat secretions of infected person.
(the period between the initial infection and the appearance of symptoms) Usually takes 16-18 days from date of contact
(the time during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly) From 7 days before beginning of swelling to 9 days of contact.
Avoid sending child to school, day care or in crowded place until 9 days after appearance of swelling.
Vaccinate susceptible if indicated.
What to do
Take plenty of fluids specially water.
Avoid juices in their diets because they stimulate the production of saliva which is painful.
Put local application on the painful area to alleviate the pain.
Gargling with Luke warm salty water.
Take sufficient rest and sleep.
A vaccine is available i.e. M.M.R. vaccine (measles, mumps, rubella vaccine).
This vaccine is given in the age of 12 months and 18 months.
Washing hands frequently with water ad soap.
Covering the mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing.