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Stomach infection -Escherichia coli (E-coli)

E-coli is the name of germ or bacterium, that lives in the digestive tracts of humans and animals. There are many types of E-coli, most of them are harmless
but some can cause bloody diarrhea.


Early symptoms include

a) Loose or watery diarrhea with or without blood or mucous.
b) Stomach pain or cramps.
c) Vomiting
d) Fever

Later symptoms include(Depending on strain of E -coli)

a) Irritability and fatigue.
b) Dehydration.
c) Paleness of skin
d) Urinary tract infections.

Method of spread

a) Spread by eating contaminated food particular under cooked food.
b) Contact with feces of infected people or animals.
c) May also be spread by eating raw fruits and vegetables.
d) Drinking unpasteurized milk or juices.
e) Contaminated drinking water.

Incubation period

(the period between the initial infection and the appearance of symptoms)
As short as 12 hours from the time of contact, but up to 5 days.

Communicable period

(the time during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly)
From duration of diarrhea, sometimes longer up to 3 weeks in children.

What to do

Consult to your doctor for appropriate tests and treatment.

Control & Prevention

Careful hand washing before handling food and changing diapers, using toilet etc.
Drink only pasteurized milk and juice products.
Wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
Refrigerate and cook meat thoroughly.